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COHIBA - Call for Urgent Actions to Reduce Hazardous Substances in the Baltic Sea

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COHIBA Project identifies major sources, pathways and measures for priority Baltic hazardous substances

Helsinki, Finland 11 October 2011 (HELCOM Information Service) - Project on Control of Hazardous Substances in the Baltic Sea Region (COHIBA), initiated to support the implementation of the HELCOM Baltic Sea Action Plan (BSAP), highlights its main results in a conference starting today.

The present state of the Baltic Sea calls for immediate actions of, not only reduction of nutrient load (eutrophication), but also reduction of the load of Persistent, Bioaccumulative and/or Toxic substances. Almost all open sea areas of the Baltic Sea, except north western Kattegat, are classified as being ‘disturbed by hazardous substances' (HELCOM 2010). The HELCOM countries, all nine states around the Baltic Sea, have committed themselves to achieve a "Baltic Sea with life undisturbed by hazardous substances" by 2021 (BSAP, 2007).

Through testing with the innovative Whole Effluent Assessment, the Project applied chemical and toxicological screening of major sources of hazardous substances to the Baltic Sea. To complement this, screening substance flow analyses (SFA) were conducted and the Project has created a unique set of data on emission estimates for substances listed in the Baltic Sea Action Plan.
Measures to reduce substance specific emissions are important but not sufficient to reach the BSAP targets - cross-cutting measures are equally relevant. Because of the change in source pattern, measures targeting municipal waste water, landfill leachate and urban run-off are also becoming more important.

For many substances, waste and waste water are important pathways for emission of hazardous substances. The existing level of waste water treatment in the Baltic Sea area is not sufficient, especially if respective regulations have not yet been fully implemented. Hence advanced municipal waste water treatment may further contribute to reduction of emissions of various of the 11 BSAP hazardous substances simultaneously, as well as other substances of potential concern, such as pharmaceuticals.

COHIBA indicates that bans and restrictions of substance use have had effects on emissions. Long service life of articles does however lead to the build-up of stocks which delays the decrease of emissions. This results in increasingly important role of diffuse sources although industrial sources remain to be relevant within the region.

For several of the substances, long-range atmospheric transport is an important pathway into the region. To reduce the load of these substances to the Baltic Sea, besides emission reduction measures on Baltic Sea catchment scale, additional measures on a global level are required.
For implementation of emission reduction measures, different local boundary conditions have to be taken into account, such as structure of industries and occurrence of industrial processes, different use patterns of products containing hazardous substances, different degree of implementation of core measures (required EU legislation), "hot spots" such as heavily contaminated rivers, and importance of residential combustion as source for cadmium or dioxins.

In the Eastern Baltic Sea Region, COHIBA has provided valuable and new information about potential instruments for reduction of hazardous substances to stakeholders.

COHIBA also confirmed importance of documented quality of the data to be used in substance flow analysis, modelling, cost efficiency analysis etc. for these results to be a reliable base for decision making. In a measurement campaign (e.g. a screening) all the consecutive steps - sampling, storage, pre-treatment, analysing, reporting - should be carried out in a reliable and harmonized way. There is also a need for more measured data both on environmental levels and on emission factors.


Note to Editors:
HELCOM
The Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission, usually referred to as the Helsinki Commission, or HELCOM, is an intergovernmental organization of all the nine Baltic Sea countries and the EU which works to protect the marine environment of the Baltic Sea from all sources of pollution.
HELCOM is the governing body of the "Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area," known as the Helsinki Convention.

Baltic Sea Action Plan
The HELCOM Baltic Sea Action Plan is an ambitious programme to restore the good ecological status of the Baltic marine environment by 2021. The Baltic Sea Action Plan addresses all the major environmental problems affecting the Baltic marine environment.

Control of Hazardous Substances in the Baltic Sea Region (COHIBA)
COHIBA is three year project (2009-2012) co-financed by the European Union within the Baltic Sea Region Programme 2007-2013. Its total budget amounts to around EUR 4.9 million. In 8 countries, 22 partners are involved. The COHIBA aims to contribute to implementation of the goals of the BSAP by developing joint actions for
identifying the most important sources of 11 hazardous substances of special concern,
- quantifying inputs of the selected substances to the Baltic Sea,
- analysing the pathways of the selected substances from production, processes and uses to the marine environment,
- creating cost-effective management options to reduce discharges and
- contributing the development of national implementation programmes
The COHIBA project is also one of the flagship projects of the EU strategy for the Baltic Sea Region.

For more information, please contact:
Ms. Johanna Laurila
Information Secretary
HELCOM
Tel: +358 (0) 40 523 8988
Fax: +358 (0)207 412 645
E-mail: johanna.laurila@helcom.fi

Ms. Ansa Pilke
Project Manager
Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE)
Tel: +358 (0) 40 834 6537
Fax: +358 (0)9 5490 2390
E-mail: ansa.pilke@ymparisto.fi

 

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Project acronym: COHIBA

Project title: Control of hazardous substances in the Baltic Sea region

Application call: 1

Priority: 3. Baltic Sea as a common resource

Project website: http://www.cohiba-project.net/

Show all partners on map


Lead Partner:

Suomen ympäristökeskus
Mechelininkatu 34a
00260 Helsinki
FI
Ms. Ansa Pilke
E-mail: ansa.pilke@ymparisto.fi
Phone: +358 40 834 6537
Fax: +358 9 5490 2390

Project Manager:

E-mail:
Phone:
Fax:


Information Manager:

Suomen ympäristökeskus
Mechelininkatu 34a
00260 Helsinki
FI
Ansa Pilke
E-mail: ansa.pilke@ymparisto.fi
Phone: +358 40 834 6537
Fax: +358 9 5490 2390



Summary description of the project:

Hazardous substances are one of environmental problems of the Baltic Sea. Recently 11 hazardous substances and substance groups have been taken into consideration in the area and a specific programme established for these substances (HELCOM Baltic Sea Action Plan BSAP, hazardous substances segment). Project Control of hazardous substances in the Baltic Sea region – COHIBA focused on these eleven substances and groups, with the following main objectives:

- identification of sources in countries around the Baltic Sea

- development of innovative toxicity based cost-effective monitoring

- analysis of flow patterns to the Baltic Sea

- development of recommendations for management measures

- knowledge transfer of best practices and capacity building.

The main project website: www.cohiba-project.net

www.environment.fi/syke/cohiba

This project gave methodological support to the implementation of the BSAP. The products of COHIBA are also applicable in the implementation of the EU Water Framework Directive and the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive. COHIBA is one of the flagship projects of the EU Baltic Sea Region Strategy.

The project had 22 partners in 8 Baltic Sea region (BSR) countries: Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and Sweden. Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE) was the lead partner. Partners presented various branches including national authorities, municipalities, research institutes, NGOs and an intergovernmental organisation - HELCOM. The duration was 2009 – 2012.

Activities of the project included development of wastewater control methods, and a new application of the Whole Effluent Assessment approach based on use of biological tests. Furthermore identification of sources of the target substances, assessment and models of discharges and flows, and

informing and capacity building of stakeholders and end-users, especially in the eastern Baltic Sea area, were important parts of project plans. Main outputs included 3 large work package reports, a summary report and fact sheets on the target substances including information of measures and management, and several workshops and seminars, several times also in Russia, and a wide training programme in the eastern Baltic Sea Region (BSR). The project will also participate to the cluster 'Baltic Impulse - save the Baltic Sea waters' consisting of environmental projects in the BSRP.

Results were produced on various levels:

- increased awareness of the target substances among policy makers

- contribution to joint assessments in the BSR on the substances

- efficient exchange of information among stakeholders of HELCOM countries

- information is targeted also to the general public and forwarded outside the BSR.


Achievements of the project so far:

Baltic Sea is at present loaded by hazardous substances (HSs) in addition to the well-known impacts of nutrients and eutrophication. In the BSR a group of HSs has been recently selected for prioritised interest (substances and substance groups of the HELCOM Baltic Sea Action Plan BSAP). These prioritised substances have been also targets of the COHIBA project.

COHIBA produced data and advanced information on these substances. Majority of the substances have been vaguely studied and comprehensive information has been lacking in the BSR as well as elsewhere. Use and occurrence of the substances can be related both to industrial sources and be residues from consumers' daily life. Thus the project increased the understanding of importance of various sources for emissions of the substances.

Protocols to assess emissions were developed. Protocols can more generally be adapted for many HSs. Knowledge of emission sources and dimensions of emissions is needed at present frequently.

A first comprehensive emission survey though the Baltic Sea region was carried out. Country studies on emission sources and on substance flow analyses (SFAs) were carried out. The project elaborated a summary of sources and emissions for the BSR. Modelling produced further information, i.e. inputs to the Baltic Sea. Local examples of Stockholm and of Copenhagen studied more deeply these regions.

Also biological methods for wastewaters formed an integral part of the project's analyses. Biotesting widens the knowledge of quality of wastewaters, and it can build a better and sustainable basis to assess significance of discharges to water environment and to the Baltic Sea.

More detailed project's work included a devoted concerted effort of case studies in all participating countries, for effluents of municipal and industrial wastewaters, stormwaters and landfills.

In addition to screening of occurrence of the target chemicals, also biotests provided basis to develop a Whole Effluent Assessment approach for the Baltic Sea Region and a proposal of limit values for toxicity for HELCOM's use was provided.

Management methods to decrease emissions and discharges of these substances were evaluated to recommendations. Methodological guidance documents provide a wide resource both for authorities, municipalities and industries.

Information exchange especially in the eastern parts of the Baltic Sea region was vivid. Project information was discussed in 40 events with ca. 1100 participants.

All these parts of the project are building blocks, which contribute to the development towards cleaner Baltic Sea.

Project's outputs are available on the project website.

More information

Project website: www.cohiba-project.net, www.environment.fi/syke/cohiba

Project coordinator: Ansa Pilke, Finnish Environment Institute, ansa.pilke@ymparisto.fi



Project Duration: Oct 2008 - Jan 2012
Approximate total project budget in EUR: 4.927.740,00
ERDF co-financing: 3.843.150,00
ENPI co-financing: 0,00
Norwegian national contribution: 0,00

List of partners

Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE)
00260 Helsinki | FINLAND
Mechelininkatu 34a
Region: Etelä-Suomi
Contact person: Ms. Ansa Pilke
Phone: +358 40 834 6537
E-mail: ansa.pilke@ymparisto.fi
Web: www.environment.fi/syke
Approximate total partner budget in EUR:800.000,00
ERDF co-financing:600.000,00
ENPI co-financing:0,00
Norwegian national contribution:0,00
Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission (HELCOM)
00160 Helsinki | FINLAND
Katajanokanlaituri 6B
Region: Etelä-Suomi
Contact person: Mr. Mikhail Durkin
Phone: +3580207412649
E-mail: mikhail.durkin@helcom.fi
Web: www.helcom.fi
Approximate total partner budget in EUR:335.372,00
ERDF co-financing:251.529,00
ENPI co-financing:0,00
Norwegian national contribution:0,00
Baltic Environmental Forum, Latvia
1050 Riga | LATVIA
Peldu 26/28 - 505
Region: Latvija
Contact person: Mr. Valters Toropovs
Phone: +371 67357546
E-mail: Valters.Toropovs@bef.lv
Web: www.bef.lv
Approximate total partner budget in EUR:259.110,00
ERDF co-financing:220.243,00
ENPI co-financing:0,00
Norwegian national contribution:0,00
Latvian Institute of Aquatic Ecology
1048 Riga | LATVIA
Daugavgrivas 8
Region: Latvija
Contact person: Juris Aigars
Phone: +371 67601995
E-mail: hydro@latnet.lv
Web: www.lhei.lv
Approximate total partner budget in EUR:257.176,00
ERDF co-financing:218.600,00
ENPI co-financing:0,00
Norwegian national contribution:0,00
Baltic Environmental Forum Estonia
10621 Tallinn | ESTONIA
Liimi 1
Region: Eesti
Contact person: Ms. Kitty Kislenko
Phone: + 372 6 597 028
E-mail: kitty.kislenko@bef.ee
Web: http://www.bef.ee
Approximate total partner budget in EUR:166.484,00
ERDF co-financing:141.511,00
ENPI co-financing:0,00
Norwegian national contribution:0,00
University of Tartu, Estonian Marine Institute
12618 Tallinn | ESTONIA
Mäealuse 10A
Region: Eesti
Contact person: Ms. Anne Talvari
Phone: + 372 6 718 904
E-mail: anne.talvari@ut.ee
Web: http://www.sea.ee
Approximate total partner budget in EUR:98.058,00
ERDF co-financing:83.349,00
ENPI co-financing:0,00
Norwegian national contribution:0,00
Estonian Environmental Research Centre
10617 Tallinn | ESTONIA
Marja 4d
Region: Eesti
Contact person: Tarmo Pauklin
Phone: +372 611 2900
E-mail: info@klab.ee, tarmo.pauklin@klab.ee
Web: . http://www.klab.ee
Approximate total partner budget in EUR:200.027,00
ERDF co-financing:170.023,00
ENPI co-financing:0,00
Norwegian national contribution:0,00
Tallinn University of Technology
119086 Tallinn | ESTONIA
Ehitajate tee 5
Region: Eesti
Contact person: Mr. Enn Loigu
Phone: + 372 6 202 508
E-mail: enn.loigu@ttu.ee
Web: http://www.ttu.ee
Approximate total partner budget in EUR:137.223,00
ERDF co-financing:116.639,00
ENPI co-financing:0,00
Norwegian national contribution:0,00
Municipality of Copenhagen
2300 Købehavn | DENMARK
Njalsgade 13, 5 floor
Region: Hovedstaden
Contact person: Mr. Jan Rasmussen
Phone: +45 33 66 58 46
E-mail: jrasmu@tmf.kk.dk
Web: www.tmf.kk.dk
Approximate total partner budget in EUR:311.408,00
ERDF co-financing:233.556,00
ENPI co-financing:0,00
Norwegian national contribution:0,00
Copenhagen Waste Water Treatment Plants
1430 Kbh. København | DENMARK
Refshalevej 250
Region: Hovedstaden
Contact person: Mr. Kim Rindel
Phone: +45 3257 3232
E-mail: kr@lyn-is.dk
Web: www.lyn-is.dk
Approximate total partner budget in EUR:166.443,00
ERDF co-financing:124.832,00
ENPI co-financing:0,00
Norwegian national contribution:0,00
Copenhagen Energy
2300 København | DENMARK
Ørestads Boulevard 35
Region: Hovedstaden
Contact person: Mr. Niels Bent Johansen
Phone: +45 3395 3395
E-mail: nbj@ke.dk
Web: www.ke.dk
Approximate total partner budget in EUR:139.597,00
ERDF co-financing:104.697,00
ENPI co-financing:0,00
Norwegian national contribution:0,00
Technical University of Denmark
2800 Kgs. Lyngby | DENMARK
Department of Environmental Engineering, Miljoevej
Region: Hovedstaden
Contact person: Peter Steen Mikkelsen
Phone: +45 4525 1605
E-mail: psm@env.dtu.dk
Web: www.env.dtu.dk
Approximate total partner budget in EUR:53.692,00
ERDF co-financing:40.269,00
ENPI co-financing:0,00
Norwegian national contribution:0,00
Baltic Environment Forum Lithuania
03218 Vilnius | LITHUANIA
Algirdo g. 22-3
Region: Lietuva
Contact person: Goda Kyliešytė
Phone: +370 52159287
E-mail: Goda.Kuliesyte@bef.lt
Web: www.bef.lt
Approximate total partner budget in EUR:215.103,00
ERDF co-financing:182.837,00
ENPI co-financing:0,00
Norwegian national contribution:0,00
Environmental protection agency, Ministry of Environment of Lithuania
9311 Vilnius | LITHUANIA
Juozapaviciaus 9
Region: Lietuva
Contact person: Nijolė Štriupkuvienė
Phone: +370 5 266 2817
E-mail: n.striupkuviene@aaa.am.lt
Web: http://gamta.lt
Approximate total partner budget in EUR:206.760,00
ERDF co-financing:175.746,00
ENPI co-financing:0,00
Norwegian national contribution:0,00
Center of Marine Research
91149 Klaipeda | LITHUANIA
Taikos av. 26
Region: Lietuva
Contact person: Aiste Kubiliute
Phone: +370 46 41 04 50
E-mail: jtc@jtc.am.lt
Web: www.jtc.lt
Approximate total partner budget in EUR:6.543,00
ERDF co-financing:5.561,00
ENPI co-financing:0,00
Norwegian national contribution:0,00
Institute for Ecology of Industrial Areas
40-844 Katowice | POLAND
Kossutha 6 st
Region: Slaskie
Contact person: Janusz Krupanek
Phone: +48 32 254 60 31
E-mail: ietu@ietu.katowice.pl
Web: www.ietu@ietu.katowice.pl
Approximate total partner budget in EUR:517.695,00
ERDF co-financing:440.041,00
ENPI co-financing:0,00
Norwegian national contribution:0,00
Swedish Environmental Reseach Institute
11427 Stockholm | SWEDEN
Vallhallavägen 81 (Box 21060)
Region: Stockholm
Contact person: Eva Brorström-Lundén
Phone: +46 31 7256230
E-mail: Eva.BL@ivl.se
Web: www.ivl.se
Approximate total partner budget in EUR:345.532,00
ERDF co-financing:259.149,00
ENPI co-financing:0,00
Norwegian national contribution:0,00
Swedish Chemicals Agency
17213 Sundbyberg | SWEDEN
P.O.Box 2
Region: Stockholm
Contact person: Mr. Bo Nyström
Phone: +46 (0)8 519 41 103
E-mail: bo.nystrom@kemi.se
Web: www.kemi.se
Approximate total partner budget in EUR:100.000,00
ERDF co-financing:75.000,00
ENPI co-financing:0,00
Norwegian national contribution:0,00
City of Stockholm, Environmental and health adm., Dept of Env. Monitoring.
10420 Stockholm | SWEDEN
Box 8136
Region: Stockholm
Contact person: Tonie Wickman
Phone: + 46-(0)8-508 28 948
E-mail: tonie.wickman@miljo.stockholm.se
Web: www.stockholm.se/miljoforvaltningen
Approximate total partner budget in EUR:175.000,00
ERDF co-financing:131.250,00
ENPI co-financing:0,00
Norwegian national contribution:0,00
Federal Environment Agency, Germany
06844 Dessau-Roßlau | GERMANY
Wörlitzer Platz 1
Region: Sachsen-Anhalt
Contact person: Joachim Heidemeier
Phone: 49-340-2103-2780
E-mail: joachim.heidemeier@uba.de
Web: www.umweltbundesamt.de
Approximate total partner budget in EUR:259.543,00
ERDF co-financing:129.771,00
ENPI co-financing:0,00
Norwegian national contribution:0,00
Nature Research Centre
LT-08412 Vilnius | LITHUANIA
Akademijos 2
Region: Lietuva
Contact person: Levonas MANUSADŽIANAS
Phone: +370 5 271 1618
E-mail: levonas@botanika.lt
Web: www.botanika.lt; www.gamtostyrimai.lt
Approximate total partner budget in EUR:58.150,00
ERDF co-financing:49.428,00
ENPI co-financing:0,00
Norwegian national contribution:0,00
Ministry for Agriculture, Environment and Consumer Protection, Mecklenburg-Vorp.
19061 Schwerin | GERMANY
Paulshöher Weg 1
Region: Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Contact person: Dr. Andreas Röpke
Phone: +49-385 588 6721
E-mail: a.roepke@lu.mv-regierung.de
Web: lu.mv-regierung.de
Approximate total partner budget in EUR:118.820,00
ERDF co-financing:89.115,00
ENPI co-financing:0,00
Norwegian national contribution:0,00