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C.A.S.H. - C.A.S.H. Brussels dissemination event joined together over 50 high level logistics experts to discuss future of European road freight transport

The C.A.S.H. Project organized the third and final Brussels dissemination event on 21 June 2012. The C.A.S.H. event joined together over 50 high level logistics experts including policymakers, law enforcement and industry representatives to discuss and exchange views on the future of the European road freight transport and safety issues in relation to the High Level Group's report issued the day before by the Commission.

The aim of the work of the High Level Group (HLG) set by the Vice-President of the Commission and Commissioner for Transport Siim Kallas was to assess to which extent the necessary framework conditions for the full opening and integration of the EU market have been achieved and find out what are the remaining obstacles that need to be tackled. The HLG had executed hearings and consultations with 126 stakeholder organizations. As an overall assessment the Group recommended a gradual opening of EU road haulage market and gave recommendations relating to four fields including driver shortages, enforcement, cabotage and innovation.

Views of policymakers, law enforcement and interest groups on European road freight transport and safety issues

In the event, the policymakers from the European Parliament and Commission emphasized that the transport sector is vital for Europe. They stated that the role of the road freight transport is slowly increasing in the European agenda and it is gradually recognized as crucial for the European economy.

Also the view of the law enforcement was heard. According to TISPOL, it is important to realize that changes in the market situation immediately affect the behaviour of the sector and strongly influence the enforcement. The harmonization should to be brought firmer on the agenda. The differences (e.g. in sanctions) are simply too big in the common market. The TISPOL proposes that focus should be on companies that have bad behaviour and fraud as a policy. The C.A.S.H. partner from Hamburg Waterways Police, Chief Inspector Roland Gildemeister presented some of the results achieved so far in the project. During C.A.S.H. project period 2009-2012, up to 100 persons have taken part in the Staff Exchange and over 15 Joint Exercises has been organized.

Also interest groups and academia was given the floor. According to International Road Transport Union, the HLG report succeeds in discussing some of the major concerns and issues which are currently ongoing in the road freight transport industry. However, it is important that any suggestions made should facilitate growth. C.A.S.H. Project Director Professor Lauri Ojala presented tentative findings of the 2012 C.A.S.H. survey which contained 173 road police officers' responses from eight BSR countries. According to the findings, the most problematic areas of enforcement in roadside controls include vehicle, cargo and driver documents, especially for foreign carriers and drivers. The enforcement of rules on cabotage traffic was seen particularly difficult. Speeding and the use of alcohol were deemed relatively easy to enforce, as here the regulations and enforcements means are clear.

C.A.S.H. Communication 1/2012 on maintaining and improving Competent Authorities' capacity to enforce regulations on heavy goods traffic was released at the event. According to the C.A.S.H. policy recommendations, strong, skilled and motivated organizational units within Competent Authorities are required to maintain compatible, transparent and efficient enforcement practices. The international evidence is clear: specialized national or state-wide organizational units can best manage the required capacity and performance to enforce the increasingly demanding regulations on road freight transport effectively and in a harmonized manner. They provide this public service at the lowest societal cost and highest benefit for all key stakeholders, including the serious operators within the road freight industry, shippers and other road users.

C.A.S.H. Project's recommendations available later this year

The C.A.S.H. Project will end in early September 2012. Since 2009, the C.A.S.H. Project has enhanced knowledge of working methods and created operational networks for police authorities. By the Sept 2012, the Project have organized many Staff Exchanges and workshops as well as around 15 Joint Exercises which have brought together over 500 police authorities from the C.A.S.H. countries to exchange views e.g. driving and resting hours, tachograph issues, cargo securing, special transports, vehicle weight compliance, dangerous goods, vehicles technical condition as well as vehicle identification. In addition, the C.A.S.H. Project has aimed at harmonizing training contents for competent authorities and increasing understanding of driver behavior.

In the field of equipment testing, the C.A.S.H. Project has produced recommendations for procurement of equipment based on mutual testing and worked for better understanding of risk analysis in road freight safety work. The Project has also strived for better understanding of the impact of market structure on safety and security by publishing joint reports with the universities around the Baltic Sea. The C.A.S.H. Project has also issued other publications (notes) relating to e.g. driving behaviour, traffic safety and attitudes of drivers in border crossing heavy goods transport as well as police officers' views on traffic law enforcement and safety risks of HGVs.

The main results of the C.A.S.H. Project will be discussed in the recommendations the Project is preparing later this year.

Please find more detailed statements given in the C.A.S.H. Brussels event, the presentations of the speakers as well as the C.A.S.H. Communication 1/2012 on the C.A.S.H. website http://www.cash-project.eu.

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Project acronym: C.A.S.H.

Project title: Connecting Authorities for Safer Heavy Goods Traffic in the Baltic Sea Region

Application call: 2

Priority: 2. Internal and external accessibility

Project website:

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Lead Partner:

University of Turku
Rehtorinpellonkatu 3
20014 University of Turku Turku
FI
Lauri Ojala
E-mail: lauri.ojala@tse.fi
Phone: +358 2 333 9243
Fax: +358 2 333 8900

Project Manager:

University of Turku
Rehtorinpellonkatu 3
20014 University of Turku Turku
FI
Annukka Vahtera
E-mail: annukka.vahtera@utu.fi
Phone: +358 50 562 9737
Fax: +358 2 333 8900


Information Manager:

University of Turku
Rehtorinpellonkatu 3
20014 University of Turku Turku
FI
Anne Nykänen
E-mail: annyka@utu.fi
Phone: +358 50 502 7072
Fax: +358 2 333 8900



Summary description of the project:

C.A.S.H. = Connecting Authorities for Safer Heavy Goods Traffic in the Baltic Sea Region

Sector: transport

Theme: Making international road freight transport safer

Geographical area: Baltic Sea region (Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Germany, Norway and Sweden)

C.A.S.H. project aims to develop practical solutions to make international road freight transport safer, more predictable and affordable in the Baltic Sea region. The project intends to do this by:

• improving co-operation between authorities

• harmonising training of inspection officials

• testing safety equipment and IT systems to be used by relevant authorities

The project will benefit not only the authorities inspecting the traffic through harmonised practices, but logistics business as a whole.

With about one million road haulage companies in Europe and over 560,000 million tonkilometer of goods transported annually on the roads of the Baltic Sea region, the road freight transport is big business.

Despite similar regulations, authorities in European countries may apply different practices and equipment to inspect the traffic. This puts additional pressure on road haulage companies that have to comply with regulations when they are already facing the challenges of a very competitive market.

In addition, more than 1,300 fatalities involving a heavy vehicle took place in the Baltic Sea region in 2007, equal to 10 % of all accidents.

This is why 13 organisations from eight countries in the Baltic Sea area created the C.A.S.H. project. It is co-ordinated by Turku School of Economics in Finland, as part of University of Turku. C.A.S.H. project has a budget of EUR 3.4 million and runs for three years, from September 2009 to September 2012.

C.A.S.H. project brings together police officers and other authorities inspecting Heavy Goods Vehicles (HGVs) in the Baltic Sea area, in order to spread good inspection practices across the region.

The C.A.S.H. project partnership is made up of 13 organisations in eight countries around the Baltic Sea region, including:

• police and other authorities dealing with road traffic safety

• regional councils

• research institutes

Participating countries and organisations

Denmark: • Danish National Police

Estonia: • Police- and Border Guard Board

Finland: • Police of Finland

• Regional Council of South Karelia

• Regional Council of Kymenlaakso

• Regional Council of Southwest Finland

• Turku School of Economics, University of Turku

Germany: • Hamburg Waterways Police

• Hamburg University of Technology

Latvia: • Latvian Transport Development and Education Association

Lithuania: • Vilnius Gedimino Technical University

Norway: • Norwegian Mobile Police Service

Sweden: • Swedish National Police Board


Achievements of the project so far:

C.A.S.H. project has enhanced knowledge of working methods and created operational networks for police authorities. One of the most successful part of the C.A.S.H. project has been the numerous Joint Exercises (14), Staff Exchanges (22), trainings and workshops for authorities inspecting heavy goods vehicles. Also numerous publications (17 public and 2 confidential reports and 13 notes in different languages) produced by universities, regional councils as well as police authorities around the Baltic Sea Region (BSR) have increased knowledge and raised awareness on the road transport safety and security questions. According to C.A.S.H. key findings, day-to-day police work does not vary between countries. The most fundamental difference lies in the BSR countries' systems of legal sanctions; this calls for uniform regulations and penalties e.g. for securing of loads. Also, exchange of monitoring information on international transport operations should be intensified between authorities.

Cooperation and information exchange between the police and the logistics business should be increased for solving crime. In addition, cooperative meetings between the control authorities should be held regularly in order to chart problems associated with control operations and to develop legislation. Also, training of new heavy goods vehicles (HGV) drivers should be augmented with attitude education provided by the police, with the focus on safety issues. Harmonising training of enforcement officers is an important objective. This was initiated in C.A.S.H. project and work should continue towards this end. C.A.S.H. project provided a manual for competent authorities to conduct HGV inspections and guidelines for competent authorities to harmonise a common training structure relating to e.g. dangerous goods, load securing as well as control of driving and resting hours. It is also important to include training for different levels of operational staff.

C.A.S.H. also tested safety equipment and IT systems to be used by relevant authorities. The project recommends that exchanging test results on state-of-the-art equipment is more feasible than joint procurement. Long-term objective should be harmonisation of regulations and used control equipment regarding road freight transport in all Baltic Sea Region countries. In addition, enforcement authority should be involved in discussions with the parties offering technology at the product development stage. All these results have been disseminated to policymakers, relevant ministries, authorities and interest groups nationally and internationally in order to influence the future transport policy. For example creation of operational networks, exchange of information and harmonisation of some parts of training have already been done in the BSR countries participating in the C.A.S.H. project.



Project Duration: Jun 2009 - Sep 2012
Approximate total project budget in EUR: 3.388.270,00
ERDF co-financing: 2.297.310,00
ENPI co-financing: 0,00
Norwegian national contribution: 203.000,00

List of partners

University of Turku
20014 Turku | FINLAND
-
Region: Etelä-Suomi
Contact person: Lauri Ojala
Phone: +358233351
E-mail: lauri.ojala@tse.fi
Web: www.utu.fi
Approximate total partner budget in EUR:420.000,00
ERDF co-financing:315.000,00
ENPI co-financing:0,00
Norwegian national contribution:0,00
Police of Finland
00700 Helsinki | FINLAND
Viljatie 2 (c/o National Traffic Police)
Region: Etelä-Suomi
Contact person: Pasi Kemppainen
Phone: +358913447356
E-mail: pasi.kemppainen@poliisi.fi
Web: www.poliisi.fi/lp
Approximate total partner budget in EUR:640.000,00
ERDF co-financing:480.000,00
ENPI co-financing:0,00
Norwegian national contribution:0,00
Hamburg police
21073 Hamburg | GERMANY
Wilstorfer Strasse 100
Region: Hamburg
Contact person: Roland Gildemeister
Phone: +4940428665000
E-mail: roland.gildemeister@polizei.hamburg.de
Web: http://ffh.hamburg.de
Approximate total partner budget in EUR:230.000,00
ERDF co-financing:172.500,00
ENPI co-financing:0,00
Norwegian national contribution:0,00
Norwegian Mobile Police Service
3291 Stavern | NORWAY
PB 100
Region: Sør-Østlandet
Contact person: Odd-Reidar Humlegaard
Phone: +4733134400
E-mail: humlegaard@politiet.no
Web: www.politi.no
Approximate total partner budget in EUR:406.000,00
ERDF co-financing:0,00
ENPI co-financing:0,00
Norwegian national contribution:203.000,00
Vilnius Gedimino Technical University
3224 Vilnius | LITHUANIA
J. Basanavičiaus g. 28B, 1R 10
Region: Lietuva
Contact person: Ramunas Palsaitis
Phone: +3712744797
E-mail: trvadyba@ti.vgtu.lt
Web: www.vgtu.lt
Approximate total partner budget in EUR:256.086,00
ERDF co-financing:217.673,00
ENPI co-financing:0,00
Norwegian national contribution:0,00
Regional Council of Southwest Finland
20100 Turku | FINLAND
Ratapihankatu 36
Region: Etelä-Suomi
Contact person: Janne Virtanen
Phone: +358 (02) 2100 900
E-mail: janne.virtanen@varsinais-suomi.fi
Web: www.varsinais-suomi.fi
Approximate total partner budget in EUR:60.000,00
ERDF co-financing:45.000,00
ENPI co-financing:0,00
Norwegian national contribution:0,00
Regional Council of South Karelia
53100 Lappeenranta | FINLAND
Kauppakatu 40 D
Region: Etelä-Suomi
Contact person: Marjo Wallenius
Phone: +358 5 6163 100
E-mail: marjo.wallenius@ekarjala.fi
Web: www.ekliitto.fi
Approximate total partner budget in EUR:68.000,00
ERDF co-financing:51.000,00
ENPI co-financing:0,00
Norwegian national contribution:0,00
Regional Council of Kymenlaakso
48601 Kotka | FINLAND
Karhulantie 36 B
Region: Etelä-Suomi
Contact person: Ari Pietarinen
Phone: +358 05 230 8900
E-mail: ari.pietarinen@kymenlaakso.fi
Web: www.kymenlaakso.fi
Approximate total partner budget in EUR:60.000,00
ERDF co-financing:45.000,00
ENPI co-financing:0,00
Norwegian national contribution:0,00
Danish National Police, National Traffic Center
2450 Copenhagen | DENMARK
Ellebergvej 52, 2
Region: Hovedstaden
Contact person: Jörn Pakula Andresen
Phone: +45 33 14 88 88
E-mail: JPA001@politi.dk
Web: www.politi.dk
Approximate total partner budget in EUR:101.668,00
ERDF co-financing:76.251,00
ENPI co-financing:0,00
Norwegian national contribution:0,00
Swedish National Police Board
102 26 Stockholm | SWEDEN
Polhemsgatan 30
Region: Stockholm
Contact person: Anders Arvidsson
Phone: +46 8 4019111
E-mail: AndersG.Arvidsson@polisen.se
Web: http://www.polisen.se
Approximate total partner budget in EUR:300.000,00
ERDF co-financing:225.000,00
ENPI co-financing:0,00
Norwegian national contribution:0,00
Hamburg University of Technology, Institute of Business Logistics and General Management
21073 Hamburg | GERMANY
Schwarzenbergstraße 95
Region: Hamburg
Contact person: Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Kersten
Phone: +49 (0)40-42878-3525
E-mail: logu@tu-harbug.de
Web: http://www.web.logu.tu-harburg.de/
Approximate total partner budget in EUR:496.512,00
ERDF co-financing:372.384,00
ENPI co-financing:0,00
Norwegian national contribution:0,00
Latvian Transport Development and Education Association (LaTDEA)
LV-1019 Riga | LATVIA
Lomonosova street 1
Region: Latvija
Contact person: Igor Kabashkin, President, Professor, Dr.hab.sc.ing
Phone: (+371)-67100594
E-mail: kiv@tsi.lv, kiv@LaTAIA.lv
Web: N/A
Approximate total partner budget in EUR:150.000,00
ERDF co-financing:127.500,00
ENPI co-financing:0,00
Norwegian national contribution:0,00
Police- and Border Guard Board
10614 Tallinn | ESTONIA
Ädala 4E
Region: Eesti
Contact person: Tonis Sulu
Phone: +3726123941
E-mail: tonis.sulu@politsei.ee
Web: www.pol.ee
Approximate total partner budget in EUR:200.000,00
ERDF co-financing:170.000,00
ENPI co-financing:0,00
Norwegian national contribution:0,00